The weird and wonderful world of ear wax

Reading Time: 5 minutes

By Dave Cutten, Hidden Hearing

What is ear wax?

Ear wax. Many people don’t give it much thought. If it’s not causing you any problems, there isn’t much reason to.

But when it starts to build up, it can cause discomfort. It is estimated that 2.3 million people in the UK1 suffer from ear wax problems. It affects people of all ages, but older people and children are more likely to suffer from it2.

It’s slightly strange stuff, a combination of cerumen (a substance secreted from glands in the outer ear canal), dead skin cells and hair.

The waxy texture prevents the skin in your ear from excessive drying and cracking, and then falling into your ear canal. Some studies show that it can even fight infection by displaying antibacterial properties3. Other studies have been known to show the opposite4, adding to the mysterious nature of the substance.

Hidden Hearing’s Ivonne Doyle (Irish Audiologist of the Year, 2017) sums up its importance, "Wax is basically a self-cleaning service for our ears, and protects the sensitive ear canal from things like bacteria and debris that can cause infections.”

Signs of ear wax build up

Ear wax usually works its way out on its own. But excessive amounts can cause your ear canal to become blocked. This can lead to hearing loss, a feeling of fullness, and tinnitus. See your GP or a hearing specialist if you experience any of these.

How we remove your excess wax

Micro-suction is the quickest method of removal. It’s also the safest. It’s what Hidden Hearing use to remove ear wax. We use the Tympa Health method, you can visit their website for more information.

A small, low-pressure probe is put in your ear which gently sucks the wax out. This is much safer than traditional methods such as ear syringing, an outdated procedure which uses high pressure and can lead to complications.

Can I remove ear wax myself? 

Visible ear wax can be wiped away using a damp cloth. But you should avoid putting anything into your ears yourself. We do not recommend that you use cotton buds as they can cause more problems than they solve, including pushing wax even further into your ear.

If you’d like to learn more about Hidden Hearing’s ear wax removal service, visit our ear wax removal page where you can book an appointment.

Ear wax at a glance

  • Medical name is cerumen (from ‘cera’, the Latin for ‘wax’)

  • Was used in the pigment of illuminated manuscripts5

  • The first lip balms were made from ear wax6

  • Roman scholar Pliny the Elder (23–79 CE) recommended ear wax as a remedy for scorpion stings, and snake and human bites7

  • Your genes will determine whether your wax is wet or dry 

All clinics remain open
With National lockdowns impacting England and Wales, and local lockdowns in place in Scotland, we wanted to let you know that as an essential healthcare provider, all Hidden Hearing clinics will remain open, in all towns. We have full health and safety measures in place, to protect our customers and staff from the threat of COVID-19, whilst at the same time helping you with all of your hearing health needs. So if you need an appointment or have one booked, we look forward to seeing you. If however you are choosing to stay at home, we can still visit you there.


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1 – Cerumen Impaction - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf (
2 – Earwax impaction: why it needs to be treated in primary care | Nursing Times
3 – Bactericidal activity of cerumen. | Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (
4 – Influence of human wet cerumen on the growth of common and pathogenic bacteria of the ear | The Journal of Laryngology & Otology | Cambridge Core
5 – P - Glossary for the British Library Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts (
6 – Human antimicrobial proteins in ear wax - Archive ouverte HAL (